It is because we are the ones who administer the medications. Even professional nurses can sometimes make medication errors 6 rights of medication administration pdf in dosing and route of administration.
Here are some tips on how to give medications safely and avoid harming the patient. Make sure the physician’s order is complete and correct. A complete order consists of the drug’s name, dosage, frequency, and route of administration. If an order is incomplete or unclear, never assume the information. Check with the ordering physician before proceeding.
Look for the expiration date and make sure it isn’t expired. Check the labels and compare with the order. Also, always look at the characteristics of the medication when preparing them. If a medication that is supposed to be clear looks cloudy, discard the drug and get a fresh one. Drugs that come in single dose preparations should be sealed and not tampered with. Never store excess medications from single doses. Patients are often given more than one drug.
See drug interactions for each medication and confirm with the patient’s chart if there are any contraindications or special precautions to be made. Patient history on previous anaphylactic reactions should also be noted. Most mistakes come from incorrect computation of drug dosages. Make sure computations are correct by double checking them, if in doubt, ask another colleague or check with the dosing information of the drug. Brush up on your dosing math and conversion skills.
Limit conversations when you are on your way to administering medications. Concentrate on the task at hand, attentiveness is the most important aspect of safety. These principles are paramount to a safe medication administration. Study Meds and Other Tips for Mastery Check out the amazing Nursing Top Student site for even more nursing student study aids. You’ll find video, audio, pdf handout study and mastery tools on meds and skills that will literally save you hours of study time by allowing you to study on the go! Notify me of new posts by email. Empowered Nurses Med Math Signup Thank-You!
Drugs are classified in various ways. Drug discovery and drug development are complex and expensive endeavors undertaken by pharmaceutical companies, academic scientists, and governments. A substance recognized by an official pharmacopoeia or formulary. A substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease.