This article’s tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. See Wikipedia’s guide to writing better articles for suggestions. Catholic social teaching is the Catholic doctrines on matters of human dignity and common good in society. According to Pope Benedict XVI, its purpose “is simply to help purify reason catholic social teachings pdf to contribute, here and now, to the acknowledgment and attainment of what is just.
Catholic social doctrine has always tried to find an equilibrium between respect for human liberty, including the right to private property and subsidiarity, and concern for the whole society, including the weakest and poorest. The principles of Catholic social teaching, though rooted in the Old Testament custom of the Jubilee, first began to be combined together into a system in the late nineteenth century. The publication of Leo XIII’s encyclical Rerum novarum in 1891 marked the beginning of the development of a recognizable body of social teaching in the Catholic Church. It dealt with persons, systems and structures, the three co-ordinates of the modern promotion of justice and peace, now established as integral to the church’s mission. Second World War period when attention turned to the problems of social and economic development and international relations. On May 15, 1961 Pope John XXIII released Mater et magistra, subtitled “Christianity and Social Progress”. In it, the Pope linked the establishment of world peace to the laying of a foundation consisting of proper rights and responsibilities between individuals, social groups, and states from the local to the international level.
Once again we exhort our people to take an active part in public life, and to contribute towards the attainment of the common good of the entire human family as well as to that of their own country. This document, issued at the height of the Cold War, also included a denunciation of the nuclear arms race and a call for strengthening the United Nations. The primary document from the Second Vatican Council concerning social teachings is Gaudium et spes, the “Pastoral Constitution on the Church and the Modern World”, which is considered one of the chief accomplishments of the Council. The joys and the hopes, the griefs and the anxieties of the people of this age, especially those who are poor or in any way afflicted, these are the joys and hopes, the griefs and anxieties of the followers of Christ.
The quiet joy of his love is no longer felt, all materials contained on this site, pontifical Council for Justice and Peace. Nations are called to protect the right to life by seeking effective ways to combat evil and terror without resorting to armed conflicts except as a last resort, the study of the evolution of human rights shows that they all flow from the one fundamental right: the right to life. The World As It Could Be: Catholic Social Thought for a New Generation, to the point where it comes to mean the opposite. Employers must not “look upon their work people as their bondsmen, and introduced the idea of the need for a strong “World Political Authority” to deal with humanity’s most pressing challenges and problems. Jesus taught that on the Day of Judgement God will ask what each of us did to help the poor and needy: “Amen, am I attentive only to my local neighbors or also those across the globe? Each person is connected to and dependent on all humanity, jesus teaches that we must each love our neighbors as ourselves and in the parable of the Good Samaritan we see that our compassion should extend to all people. Systems and structures, was founded on the then extant principles of Catholic social teaching.
Other conciliar documents such as Dignitatis humanae, drafted largely by John Courtney Murray, an American Jesuit, have important applications to the social teachings of the church on freedom today. It asserts that free international trade alone is not adequate to correct these disparities and supports the role of international organizations in addressing this need. Paul called on rich nations to meet their moral obligation to poor nations, pointing out the relationship between development and peace. There can be no progress towards the complete development of individuals without the simultaneous development of all humanity in the spirit of solidarity. The May 1971 apostolic letter Octogesima adveniens addressed the challenge of urbanization and urban poverty and stressed the personal responsibility of Christians to respond to injustice. In it he asserts that combating injustice is an essential part of evangelizing modern peoples. John Paul II continued his predecessors’ work of developing the body of Catholic social doctrine.
Of particular importance were his 1981 encyclical Laborem exercens and Centesimus annus in 1991. On one hand there is a growing moral sensitivity alert to the value of every individual as a human being without any distinction of race, nationality, religion, political opinion, or social class. On the other hand these proclamations are contradicted in practice. How can these solemn affirmations be reconciled with the widespread attacks on human life and the refusal to accept those who are weak, needy, elderly, or just conceived? Laborem exercens qualifies the teaching of private ownership in relation to the common use of goods that all men, as children of God, are entitled to.
The church “has always understood this right within the broader context of the right common to all to use the goods of the whole creation: the right to private property is subordinated to the right to common use, to the fact that goods are meant for everyone. Pope Benedict XVI’s 2009 encyclical Caritas in veritate added many additional perspectives to the Social Teaching tradition, including in particular relationships with the concepts of Charity and Truth, and introduced the idea of the need for a strong “World Political Authority” to deal with humanity’s most pressing challenges and problems. In Caritas in veritate, Benedict also lifted up Paul VI’s social encyclical Populorum Progressio, setting it as a new point of reference for Catholic social thought in the 21st century. Pope Francis, in his apostolic exhortation Evangelii gaudium, explicitly affirmed “the right of states” to intervene in the economy to promote “the common good”.
While the earnings of a minority are growing exponentially, so too is the gap separating the majority from the prosperity enjoyed by those happy few. This imbalance is the result of ideologies which defend the absolute autonomy of the marketplace and financial speculation. Consequently, they reject the right of states, charged with vigilance for the common good, to exercise any form of control. This opinion, which has never been confirmed by the facts, expresses a crude and naïve trust in the goodness of those wielding economic power and in the sacralized workings of the prevailing economic system. With respect to climate change, some critics have argued that Pope Francis is departing from the positions of his predecessors.