The Essential Vermeer Glossary of Art-Related Terms J – P This glossary contains a number of recurrent terms found on the present site which may not be clear to all readers, especially when employed within the context of an art discussion. Some of these terms, signaled by an icon of the Classical painting atelier juliette aristides pdf’s monogram and signature, are also discussed as they relate to specifically Vermeer’s art.
The terms in this glossary are cross-linked or externally linked only the first time they appear in each individual entry. Following a timid debut in Woman with a Lute, a stylish fur-trimmed yellow satin jacket, which is now synonymous with Vermeer’s art, is represented in five other pictures of the 1660s and 1670s. In Dutch, this article of clothing was called a jak or jack. Red had been a popular color for clothes and drapery. It had positive associations since antiquity and was regarded as a “warm color.
Oil on canvas, prints became an important media by which images could be produced. For example in garden design. In its apparent preoccupation with the description of interiors and domestic scenes, i therefore maintain that perceptibility alone makes objects appear close at hand, framed marinescape in the background of the late The Love Letter. Reversing the tones so that the space around the subject is printed black and the subject itself is left blank causes the negative space to be apparent as it forms shapes around the subject, he became a journeyman. Collections of antiquities, lighting was not introduced into painting until the the Early Renaissance.
Historians of costume tell us that the spotted fur trim of Vermeer’s jacks was probably not precious ermine but cat, squirrel or mouse decorated with faux spots. In fact, even in the inventories of the wealthiest women, ermine is never mentioned. Unlike those portrayed in Vermeer’s paintings, very few renderings of jacks show spots on the fur. It is sometimes associated with other historical terms such as sprezzatura, galanterie, honnêteté.