Get A DA 705 Form Online? The DA Form 705, also known as the Army Physical Fitness Test Scorecard, is used by the Army Da form 705 pdf, in particular, by the Department of the Army in the U. It is necessary to keep a record of a soldier’s physical test scores.
The officer administering the test is supposed to record the parameters of a soldier’s body complexion and physical endurance. These forms are important to check out different positions and make sure that the soldiers are in a good physical condition and at adequate level to perform their service. It is critically meaningful during the soldier’s career and may help him or her to move up the career ladder. The form contains fields intended for the date of the test, personal data including information about gender, name, surname and age of an interviewee. A person should also mention his or her unit in the army. There are several boxes to put in answer connected with height, weight and body fat.
It is necessary to record the results of the test. The general view depends on the scores received in 2-mile run, sit-ups and push-ups exams. It may also contain a special field for additional aerobic exam. At the end of DA-705 is a space for the officer to put a signature and add notes if needed.
Descartes Center for the History and Philosophy of the Sciences, Utrecht University, P. Abstract: Cattle are our most important livestock species because of their production and role in human culture. Many breeds that differ in appearance, performance and environmental adaptation are kept on all inhabited continents, but the historic origin of the diverse phenotypes is not always clear. Cattle were among the 14 large wild terrestrial species meeting the conditions for successful domestication : an herbivorous diet, fast growth, ability of captive breeding, genetic temperance of aggressive or panicky behavior in captivity, and a social behavior that facilitates handling.
Accompanying mankind since the dawn of civilization, cattle became in various environments an integral part of human society. By supplying milk, meat and hides and by plowing the fields , they have become the most important domestic animal species. Their role in social networks, ceremonies, rituals and games also gives cattle a central place in human culture, this in spite of a less affectionate human-animal relationship than has been established, for instance, with horses or dogs. Over time a large diversity of cattle has emerged, which now may be threatened by the prevailing industrial approach to cattle husbandry and a focus on high productivity.
Previously, we have described the bovine breeds and their nomenclature, classification and relevance for conservation . To contribute to a rational evaluation of conservation values of existing breeds and populations, we here consider the diversity of cattle in a historical context. This huge and reputedly fierce species has been extinct since 1627, when the last animal died in Poland. India were the ancestors of taurine and zebu cattle, respectively. The most recent molecular estimates of the divergence time of these aurochs subspecies and thus of taurine and zebu cattle are 147,000 BP or 335,000 BP and 350,000 BP . These estimates have large confidence intervals, but indicate that taurine and zebu cattle have been domesticated separately. Domestication in Nabta Playa and Bir Kiseiba in South Egypt is not generally accepted .
The size, shape or gender ratios allow a differentiation of fossil remains from wild and domestic cattle . Bayesian analysis of 15 mtDNA sequences from Neolithic to Iron Age Iranian cattle yielded an estimate of around 80 female aurochs being the maternal ancestors of almost all present day taurine cattle . Modern cattle populations in Southwest Asia still have high haplotype diversity with appreciable frequencies of haplogroups T, T1, T2 and T3 . Around 2000 years after the taurine domestication, zebu was domesticated in the Indus Valley at the edge of the Indian Desert .
Fossil remains attributed to zebu have been found in Mehrgarh, a proto-Indus culture site in Baluchistan in southwest Pakistan and were dated at 8000 BP . Taurine cattle arrived in China about 5000 years ago. However, a bovine jaw dated 10. 500 BP recently found in Northeast China shows clear signs of stereotypical bar biting often displayed by captive animals and contains taurine mtDNA from a hitherto unknown mtDNA haplogroup, suggesting an independent and early domestication . This domestication would have been abortive, since there is no evidence of domestic cattle in the period between 10,500 and 5000 BP.