Knee pain is pain in or knee physical therapy exercises pdf the knee. The knee joint consists of an articulation between four bones: the femur, tibia, fibula and patella.
There are four compartments to the knee. These are the medial and lateral tibiofemoral compartments, the patellofemoral compartment and the superior tibiofibular joint. Running long distance can cause pain to the knee joint, as it is high-impact exercise. Hemarthrosis tends to develop over a relatively short period after injury, from several minutes to a few hours.
A Chinese study concluded that knee pain is significantly more prevalent in people working in cold stores than in those in normal temperature. The same study indicated that the main activities associated with anterior knee pain are sporting, stair climbing and walking, but also sitting. Cold-induced knee pain may also be due to tenosynovitis of the tendons around the knee, in which cold exposure has a specific role, either as a causative or a contributing factor. Cold weather also aggravates knee pain in patients already having osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia.
A lower level of physical activity and a work environment where one is required to sit in a chair during the work day is one reason for developing knee joint pain, as the lower degree of physical movement tends to weaken the knee muscles. Blood vessels also can be affected, leading to development of painful conditions. As age progresses the movement of the knee joint involves higher friction with adjacent tissue and cartilages. Referred pain is that pain perceived at a site different from its point of origin but innervated by the same spinal segment. Sometimes knee pain may be related to another area from body. For example, knee pain can come from ankle, foot, hip joints or lumbar spine.
Knee MRIs should be avoided for knee pain without symptoms or effusion, unless there are non-successful results from a functional rehabilitation program. Although surgery has a role in repairing traumatic injuries and broken bones, surgeries such as arthroscopic lavage do not provide significant or lasting improvements to either pain or function to people with degenerative knee pain, and therefore should almost never be performed. 50 experience knee pain from degenerative knee diseases. 3 billion is spent each year on arthroscopic knee surgeries that are known to be ineffective in people with degenerative knee pain. Exercise for treating patellofemoral pain syndrome”.