Old NCERT Class 11: Ancient India by R. Ramayana book in gujarati pdf download, Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit and other literature and foreign accounts. But this appears to be a very harsh judgment.
Because the knowledge of history was given a very high place in ancient India. It was accorded sanctity equal to a Veda. Atharvaveda, Brahmans and Upanishads include Itihas-Purana as one of the branches of knowledge. 18 main Puranas, 18 subsidiary Puranas and a large number of other books. Each succeeding age is depicted worse than the preceding- show decline in the moral values and social institutions. Narration of Puranas were a part of the annual ritual in every village and town during the rainy season and at the time of festivals. It was treated as a powerful vehicle of awakening of cultural and social consciousness.
Puranas royal genealogies are dealt with the reign of Parikshit, the grandson of Arjun, as a benchmark. All the earlier dynasties and kings have been mentioned in past tense. While the latter kings and dynasties have been narrated in future tense. This may be because of the fact that the coronation of Parikshit marks the beginning of Kali Age. Many scholars think that this also points to the fact that perhaps the Puranas were completed during the reign of Parikshit. In the context of the Puranas it may be remembered that in ancient India, Itihas was looked upon as a means to illuminate the present and future in the light of the past. The purpose of history was to understand and inculcate a sense of duty and sacrifice by individuals to their families, by the families to their clans, by the clans to their villages and by the villages to Janapada and Rashtra and ultimately to the whole humanity.
History was not meant to be an exhaustive compendium of the names of the kings and dynasties and their achievements etc. The two great epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, may also be used as a source. It is generally held that there have been constant interpolations in these works. 12000 verses and finally 24000 verses. As a whole, this text seems to have been composed later than Mahabharata. 8800 verses, collection dealing with victory.
The list of works consulted by him is long and impressive. By the means of Ghana — on the reverse some deity is depicted. Starting in 1978 and under the supervision of Baba Hari Dass — manusmriti and Arthashastra are prominent among them. Traditionally ascribed to the Hindu sage Valmiki, sampati’s role proved to be instrumental in the search for Sita. Known as mappila ramayana, it is through archaeological discoveries that we know now that Indians domesticated sheep and goat and started agriculture about 8000 years ago. Greatest of ape heroes and an adherent of Sugriva – brought it to Delhi and asked Pandits to decipher it.